A report on the treaty of versailles and the league of nations

treaty of versailles ww2

This council was replaced by the "Council of Five", formed from each country's foreign ministers, to discuss minor matters.

The Inter-Allied Commission determined the amount and presented its findings in Wilson, bedridden from a debilitating stroke, was unable to accept these changes.

Wilson's fading health eliminated the possibility of making a strong personal appeal on behalf of the treaty.

What was the purpose of the treaty of versailles

While the term was not used self-determination was assumed. The chief people responsible for the Treaty of Versailles were U. Others believed the League was the sort of entangling alliance the United States had avoided since George Washington's Farewell Address. The general opinion in Britain was that the terms were fair and should probably have been more severe. The European leaders were not interested in a just peace. German Americans felt their fatherland was being treated too harshly. Following negotiations, the Allied powers and Germany signed an armistice , which came into effect on 11 November while German forces were still positioned in France and Belgium. They also liked the fact that Germany's borders with France the Rhineland would be demilitarised. The Allied Powers refused to recognize the new Bolshevik Government and thus did not invite its representatives to the Peace Conference. Italian Americans felt more territory should have been awarded to Italy. They were shocked at the severity of the terms and protested the contradictions between the assurances made when the armistice was negotiated and the actual treaty. It is not hard to see why Germans were outraged. Over Wilson's protests, they ignored the Fourteen Points one by one. Portions of Upper Silesia were to be ceded to Poland, with the future of the rest of the province to be decided by plebiscite. More importantly, they felt that Britain and France were making themselves rich at Germany's expense and that the USA should not be helping them to do this.

Germans grew to resent the harsh conditions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. Over Wilson's protests, they ignored the Fourteen Points one by one.

However, there was a strong sense that Germany still threatened France.

Treaty of versailles terms

Many Americans felt that the Treaty was unfair on Germany. Irish Americans criticized the treaty for failing to address the issue of Irish independence. The border would be fixed with regard to the vote and to the geographical and economic conditions of each locality. They complained bitterly, but the Allies did not take any notice of their complaints. Americans were also uneasy about Wilson's scheme for a League of Nations. It is not hard to see why Germans were outraged. Germany was not allowed armoured vehicles, submarines or aircraft.

The German politicians were not consulted about the terms of the Treaty. What were the results of the Treaty of Versailles? The treaty also created the League of Nations.

why did the us reject the treaty of versailles

Government signed the Treaty of Berlin on August 25, Wilson called for an end to secret diplomacy, a reduction of armaments, and freedom of the seas. The government headed by Philipp Scheidemann was unable to agree on a common position, and Scheidemann himself resigned rather than agree to sign the treaty.

Who drafted the treaty of versailles

The Treaty of Versailles articulated the compromises reached at the conference. Back to top Reactions in France were mixed. Germans grew to resent the harsh conditions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. Within six months of the transfer, Belgium was required to conduct a plebiscite on whether the citizens of the region wanted to remain under Belgian sovereignty or return to German control, communicate the results to the League of Nations and abide by the League's decision. Under the terms of Article of the Treaty, the Germans accepted responsibility for the war and the liability to pay financial reparations to the Allies. Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles under protest, and the United States did not ratify the treaty. For more information, please see the full notice. The Treaty required the new German Government to surrender approximately 10 percent of its prewar territory in Europe and all of its overseas possessions. For full treatment, see international relations: Peacemaking, — He attached reservations, or amendments, to the treaty to this effect.

Finally, Wilson proposed an international organization comprising representatives of all the world's nations that would serve as a forum against allowing any conflict to escalate.

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Treaty of Versailles