The Scramble was a wildly nuanced event, with a combination of factors accounting for the mad rush for land, including national pride derived from colonial possessions, realpolitik for prestige amongst the nations of Europe, and the natural extension and continuation of European Empire.
If one got noticed and mentioned in military or press dispatches, then that officer had a big advantage over others who did not.
At first, they tried to ensure that free trade remained in effect.
Conor Reid Finance capital, markets, and the Scramble: the Hobson-Lenin thesis analyzed By Conor Reid 1 The Scramble for Africa, by most measures the largest land grab in the shortest stretch of time, was a wildly complex process of partitioning Africa with dozens of explanatory causes.
We have to look forward beyond the chatter of platforms, and the passions of party, to the future of the race of which we are at present the trustees, and we should, in my opinion, grossly fail in the task that has been laid upon us did we shrink from responsibilities, and decline to take our share in a partition of the world which we have not forced on, but which has been forced upon us.
Africa was especially hot, uncomfortable and unhealthy for Europeans and unlikely outside of South Africa to attract many emigrants. Hobson, Lenin, et. Britain was refusing, until Germany claimed South West Africa in After said economic adjustments, a capitalist nation did not require opening new foreign markets, and so could profitably direct the production and consumption of goods and services to the in-country markets, because "the home markets are capable of indefinite expansion.
Gann argue that Hobson had an enormous influence in the early 20th century that caused widespread distrust of imperialism: Hobson's ideas were not entirely original; however his hatred of moneyed men and monopolies, his loathing of secret compacts and public bluster, fused all existing indictments of imperialism into one coherent system As a result, the imperialist movement set out to do 2 things: Halt the gradual disintegration of the Empire.
The export of capital as the most characteristic feature as distinguished from export of commodities. Reluctantly, the British were compelled to begin annexing territories into the formal empire in order to preserve their trade; in fact, they were careful to preserve the best areas in Nigeria and the Gold Coast.
That dysfunction of political economy created the socio-cultural desire to extend the national markets into foreign lands, in search of profits greater than those available in the Mother Country.
As is well known, this is a commonly made fallacy in logic and reasoning; just because two events take place simultaneously does not mean that one caused the other or that the two are necessarily related in any way.