How the concept of multiculturalism affects law enforcement issues

What they do and how they act influences how the public perceives the government, and society as a whole. Understanding how these various levels and sources of cultural bias come together to create an understanding of a particular situation is the first part in being able to eliminate cultural bias in officer judgment.

Attempts to attract candidates from specific demographic groups will likely fail if the target audience has not been adequately notified of law enforcement interest.

Share this article with anyone using the following URL:. Racial profiling has become one of the hottest topics in the subject of cultural diversity and law enforcement.

Multiculturalism in the criminal justice system pdf

However, the law tends to reflect the culture of those that wrote it. The basis for this approach is the idea that people should be treated and managed based solely on their character and performance. A management control system must be instituted in areas such as hiring, assignments, promotions, supervision, and performance appraisals to create an effective multicultural workplace. Without active involvement from the leadership, diversity efforts are unlikely to succeed. Examples of and international perspectives on policing culturally diverse communities are presented. Learn How. Cultures are typically defined by their traits that make them different from other groups. Follow-up and Feedback System The follow-up and feedback system involves developing and implementing a multicultural action plan that assigns responsibility for specific tasks.

He served 11 years as a trooper with the Ohio State Highway Patrol. Intergroup conflict is not an unavoidable result of historical factors.

How the concept of multiculturalism affects law enforcement issues

General recruitment strategies do not effectively reach minority groups because minorities are often not properly targeted. Law enforcement agencies can also consider mentorship programs and internships as a way encouraging young minority candidates to enter the field of law enforcement. Scott, Joanna M. Richeson and Richard J. Census figures showed that the city was only 34 percent white, while the police department was 63 percent white. Understanding Cultural Differences The formal definition of culture refers to a shared system of beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and the means that a group of people use to adjust to their world and others around them. To this end, each agency must identify a flexible profile of an effective officer. Fairfax, VA: , 31—

For example, inJersey City, New Jersey announced its recruitment drive to encourage minorities to join the city's police department. Whetstone, John C. This program seeks to connect agencies and diverse potential recruits, specifically applicants who might not have considered the possibility of working in law enforcement.

They are also influenced by their religious culture, family culture, and other social activities.

Multiculturalism criminal justice definition

Bureau of Justice Statistics, , 14; William T. The manual also explains how pointing a finger at someone or raising one's palms may be an insulting gesture to new immigrants from different cultures. This will also likely involve creating permanent recruitment units which can be sustained by agencies pooling resources, if necessary ; streamlining the application process as much as possible to prevent losing applicants during the extended process ; and varying assessment measures to include job-simulation and interpersonal skills testing. Any number of elements will shape the needs of the community: history, cultural composition, demographics, and climate could all be factors in the community. For different cultures to be treated fairly, it's important to understand how they view the world and interact with others. The main concern is that human lives are protected and that the people can remain free from personal injury or property loss. The American Bar Association has linked systemic racial disparities with communities of color with their distrust of the US legal system. Why Social Awareness is Important There are two reasons why it's important for those working in the justice system to have an understanding of multicultural differences. The ability to do this is often difficult and it is the responsibility of every officer to educate themselves about other cultures and customs so that their judgment will be fair and equitable in their daily practice. In order to understand how cultural differences affect one's own personal beliefs and perceptions of others one must be able to step back and look at things from the other person's point-of-view. The underlying premise is that social categories should be dismantled and disregarded, thereby allowing everyone to be treated as an individual. These traits all point back to the main requirement for all officers: leadership skills and the prudent use of authority. Without active involvement from the leadership, diversity efforts are unlikely to succeed.

All managers should be evaluated in part on their progress toward established diversity goals. Personal beliefs may also affect cultural understanding among the police officer.

The difficulty with this way of thinking is that it implied that cultural differences had disappeared.

diversity in law enforcement

Conclusion Cultural diversity is a fact of life.

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Creating a Multicultural Law Enforcement Agency: An Intentional Priority