Several studies involve random selection of participants while others targeted new mothers and fathers, untrained TBAs, ethnic minority women, attendees of immunisation clinics, postnatal mothers, mothers who were currently breastfeeding and those who had discontinued breastfeeding.
The results pertaining to factors are detailed below, and presented in summary in Fig. This tool has demonstrated high inter-reliability across individual domains and high intra-class correlation coefficient value [ 20 ].
Although consideration of milk type is important given the evidence for effects of milk composition on infant outcomes 35 — 38the focus of the present review is on feeding mode.
No limits were placed on the publication date of the articles found.
One facet of this field has focused on the potential of feeding mode breastfeeding compared with bottle-feeding for influencing mothers' feeding behaviors and mother-infant interactions.
Responsive feeding has been a focal point for current recommendations 231011 and prevention programs 12 — 17 aimed at reducing the risk of rapid weight gain and obesity during early childhood.
Although 2 randomized clinical trials aimed at promoting maternal responsiveness did not find effects of the intervention on breastfeeding outcomes, these findings were limited by the way in which breastfeeding outcomes were assessed.