Summary of chapter 11 u s history

chapter 12 us history

Ultimately, Zinn concludes that populist movements of the 19th century failed to achieve their goals because, at a time when new technology could have united them, they remained regional, isolated, localized, and overly concerned with their own agendas.

Debs was also able to convince members of the American Railway Union not to handle Pullman railway cars—meaning that, in essence, he orchestrated a national railroad strike. How did the concept of honor differ based on gender and race?

Notice that Zinn himself never argues that police agents detonated the bomb as an excuse to persecute anarchists.

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Beginning in the s, merchants from the Northeast, Europe, Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean flocked to Southern cities, setting up trading firms, warehouses, ports, and markets. The executions outraged many workers—some said that the anarchists were innocent, while others alleged that the bomb had been thrown by an agent provocateur working for the police. Between and , steam and electricity became the key forms of power, and urban centers grew exponentially. On a literal level, George failed to achieve his goals because he lost the election—however, he succeeded insofar as he brought attention to populist causes and proved that the American people were tired of the capitalist consensus. See Key Points below for help Do you know the vocabulary words? How did the concept of honor differ based on gender and race? The people who became wealthy and powerful during the second half of the 19th century were often highly unethical people, who made their fortunes by deceiving and, in some cases, hurting other people. In , Debs organized a large group of employees of the Pullman railway company to go on strike. The growing radicalism and energy of the American labor movement reflects the dire economic conditions of the country in the late 19th century. Debs was also able to convince members of the American Railway Union not to handle Pullman railway cars—meaning that, in essence, he orchestrated a national railroad strike. Are you able to identify reasons why John Quincy Adams was unpopular, despite his capable leadership?

Later, strike leaders were charged with murder, though they were acquitted. As Zinn sees it, the overall purpose of the federal government and the court system is to preserve property, meaning that most policy had the overall effect of protecting the fortunes of robber barons, at the expense of the American people.

Chapter 11 us history book

Retrieved August 29, However, the union could do nothing to cancel out existing debts on machinery. The Populist movement has been very controversial for American historians, especially left-wing historians. How did the concept of honor differ based on gender and race? Afterwards, an anarchist tried to assassinate Frick, but misfired. The fact that the strike continued even after Pinkerton detectives killed some of the strikers further confirms that these factory employees were fighting to survive. The Farmers Alliance, essentially an agricultural union, emerged in the s and quickly gained a large membership. They were making so little money as workers, and were so close to starvation, that they had nothing to lose by striking for four months. Under the leadership of Grover Cleveland, for example, the government bought steel at artificially high prices from Andrew Carnegie, the most powerful steel baron of the era. Active Themes The late 19th century also saw an increase in immigration and the fragmentation of the working class.

It is false that Andrew Jackson was a National Republican. Can you identify unique characteristics of Jackson's political style and explain his popularity?

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United States History Ch. 11 Section 1 Notes