The trends include increasingly harsh policies and conditions of confinement as well as the much discussed de-emphasis on rehabilitation as a goal of incarceration. Indeed, as one prison researcher put it, many prisoners "believe that unless an inmate can convincingly project an image that conveys the potential for violence, he is likely to be dominated and exploited throughout the duration of his sentence.
The facade of normality begins to deteriorate, and persons may behave in dysfunctional or even destructive ways because all of the external structure and supports upon which they relied to keep themselves controlled, directed, and balanced have been removed. Advances in Clinical Child Psychology pp.
One commentator has described the vicious cycle into which mentally-ill and developmentally-disabled prisoners can fall: The lack of mental health care for the seriously mentally ill who end up in segregation units has worsened the condition of many prisoners incapable of understanding their condition.
The current study examines an in-prison substance abuse treatment sample to explore the relationship between mental health symptoms, substance use, and violence.
Post-traumatic stress reactions to the pains of imprisonment. Moreover, we now understand that there are certain basic commonalities that characterize the lives of many of the persons who have been convicted of crime in our society. At the second test, they showed increased impulsivity and poorer attentional control.
For mentally-ill and developmentally-disabled inmates, part of whose defining but often undiagnosed disability includes difficulties in maintaining close contact with reality, controlling and conforming one's emotional and behavioral reactions, and generally impaired comprehension and learning, the rule-bound nature of institutional life may have especially disastrous consequences.
Narrative reasons for the current conviction are evaluated, with keywords in the convictions containing robbery, murder, menacing, arson, assault, weapon, or homicide dummy coded as violent current crime conviction, otherwise non-violent current crime conviction as the referent.
The various psychological mechanisms that must be employed to adjust and, in some harsh and dangerous correctional environments, to survive become increasingly "natural," second nature, and, to a degree, internalized.
Sometimes called "prisonization" when it occurs in correctional settings, it is the shorthand expression for the negative psychological effects of imprisonment. Prisons impose careful and continuous surveillance, and are quick to punish and sometimes to punish severely infractions of the limiting rules.
Increased tensions and higher levels of fear and danger resulted.